Provincial legislation requires municipalities to complete an annual market value assessment for all properties within their boundaries. Municipalities are also required to pass a balanced budget annually.
Together, your property assessment and Beaver County’s budget determine your annual municipal tax bill.
When municipal budget expenditures exceed funding sources (i.e. user fees, reserves and grants), a property tax levy is required to make up the difference.
In addition to collecting municipal taxes, the County is required to collect taxes on behalf of the Alberta School Foundation Fund, Provincial Policing, Beaver Emergency Services Commission (Besc) and the Beaver Foundation. For certain non-residential properties, a small levy is charged on behalf of the Provincial Government to carry-out assessments of designated industrial properties.
Hence, there are several factors at play when it comes to determining your current tax bill.
Following are some key definitions and frequently asked questions to help you better understand assessment and taxation in Beaver County.
2022 Tax Year Key Definitions
Property Assessment: the valuation of your property on the July 1st valuation date.
Budget: total expenditures required to pay for all programs and services
Mill Rate: property tax revenue requirements divided by the total County assessment
Property taxes: property assessment multiplied by the mill rate and divided by 1000
Property tax year: January 1 to December 31
Frequently Asked Questions
- What is property assessment?
- Why do we have annual assessments?
- What types of property are there in Beaver County?
- What is market value?
- What is mass appraisal?
- Can my property assessment increase or decrease from year to year?
- Why is my property assessment different than my real estate appraisal?
- How can I judge whether the assessment is reasonable and fair?
- Can I appeal my assessment?
- How are my property taxes calculated?
- Why do my taxes change from year to year?
- Beaver County Council has approved the municipal mill rate for the 2022 budget. How will this impact my taxes?
- What did the County do to avoid a mill rate increase?
- Why does my tax bill include payments to the Alberta School Foundation and Beaver Foundation?
- Where do my tax dollars go?
- When will I receive my tax notice?
- Is there a penalty for not paying my taxes on time?
- What payment options do I have?
- Are there any property tax payment programs for seniors?
- Where can I get more information?
Q. Beaver County Council has approved the municipal mill rate for the 2022 budget. How will this impact my taxes?
A. The 2022 budget reflects the priorities of Council as identified during budget and strategic planning discussions, and considers what it heard from you – the resident and taxpayer. It also reflects Council’s desire to plan for the future.
In 2022, the County's assessment base increased by 2%, which mitigated the impact of this year's municipal mill rate increase of 2.773%. However, besides the municipal mill rate, the County levies other mill rates to cover expenses over which they have little or no control, as such:
Beaver Emergency Services Commission (fire protection and emergency management) - mill rate increased by 15%
Policing (RCMP cost-sharing) - mill rate increased by 34%
Beaver Foundation (senior's housing)- mill rate increased by 4%
Education (school) - mill rate increased by 2% (residential/farmland) or 7% (non-residential)
Once all mill rates are included, the following tax increases can be expected:
Residential properties (4% increase)
Farmland properties (3% increase)
Non-residential properties (4% increase)
Small business properties (4% increase)
Your taxes may increase by lower or higher amounts if your assessment has changed compared to the previous year.
Q. Why did the municipal mill rate increase by 2.773%?
A. The Provincial Government is reviewing the method by which non-residential properties are assessed (in particular, oil and gas properties). Council anticipates that changes in assessment will occur which will reduce the assessments of these types of properties, and this would significantly reduce the property tax base. This means that, in order to maintain desired service levels, mill rates will have to increase.
Based on best estimates of the proposed assessment changes, it is predicted that once the new assessment model is implemented, a mill rate increase of 16% will be required. Council wishes to be proactive and lessen the impact of this increase by gradually increasing the mill rate over the next 4 years - 2.773% increase each year. The funds raised by the gradual mill rate increases will be placed in reserve to offset the revenue needed to balance the budget in future years.
Q. What did the County do to limit the mill rate increase?
A. The County’s 2021 municipal budget expenditures total $27,540,626, offset by funding sources of $13,756,926 (user fees, reserves, and grants), leaving a tax levy requirement of $13,783,700. This is $136,596 more than 2020 (2020 tax levy = $13,647,104).
A combination of various fiscal restraint measures and a 2% increase in the assessment base enabled Council to maintain service levels with no increase in the general municipal mill rate.
A significant surplus from the Beaver Emergency Services Commission resulted in an overall mill rate decrease.
Q. Why does my tax bill include payments to the Alberta School Foundation Fund and Beaver Foundation?
A. The County is required by the Municipal Government Act to levy taxes to pay requisitions to the Alberta School Foundation Fund ($3,488,333) and the Beaver Foundation ($280,938). Council has no control over the amount requested, but must collect school and seniors’ housing taxes from eligible property owners, and pass the collected funds on to these parties.
Q. What is property assessment?
A. Your property assessment is a valuation of your property as of July 1, prior to the current tax year. For example, the 2022 taxes as levied by Beaver County are based on the valuation of your property on July 1, 2021.
Q. Why do we have annual assessments?
A. The Municipal Government Act legislates and requires that all property in Alberta be assessed each year. Annual assessments ensure that changes in the market place are captured annually, protecting tax payers from large market fluctuations over time. Property assessments are used to distribute taxes in a fair and equitable way. This means that owners of property with similar market values will pay similar amounts of property taxes.
- Residential (vacant or improved houses, cottages, acreages, and farm sites) which is assessed at market value.
- Non-residential (commercial or industrial businesses, including land and buildings) which is assessed at market value. Two sub-classes exist within the non-residential class:
a) Designated Industrial Property (wells, pipelines, power lines, cable distribution, and telecommunications) which is assessed at regulated values,
b) Small Business, which is assessed in the same manner as other non-residential property, but which is subject to a lower mill rate for property taxes.
- Farmland (land used for farming operations as defined in the regulations) assessed at regulated values.
- Machinery and equipment DIP (oil and gas field facilities and plants, processing or manufacturing facilities) regulated by the Alberta Energy Regulator, the Alberta Utilities Commission, or the National Energy Board, are assessed at regulated rates.
Q. What is market value?
A. Market value is the price a property would likely yield if sold after adequate time and exposure on the open market by a willing seller to a willing buyer. The Assessor determines this figure by extensively analyzing sales transactions for similar property types for a twelve month period from July 1 to June 30 to determine market trends and patterns, and then uses mass appraisal techniques to finalize market values to be used for the subsequent taxation year. Your 2022 property assessment notice is based on mid-range values as of July 1, 2021 real estate market conditions and reflects the physical condition as of December 31, 2021.
Properties not assessed on a market value standard include farmland, railway, machinery and equipment, and designated industrial property. These are assessed at prescribed regulated rates and standards mandated by the Minister of Alberta Municipal Affairs, using the Minister's Guidelines for Regulated Property.
Q. What is mass appraisal?
A. Mass appraisal is not a site-specific appraisal of property. It is an average or mid-range market value for similar types of properties. Mass appraisal takes into account a greater sampling of properties with common features and characteristics to perform statistical analysis. Common features include location, proximity to urban centers, age, parcel size, building size, quality of construction, and zoning.
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Q. Can my property assessment increase or decrease from year to year?
A. Yes, your property assessment is based on market value that was established as of July 1 of the year prior to the tax year. Market values may increase or decrease from the previous assessment year depending on location. On average, for the 2022 tax year, residential property values have increased; there are very few instances where residential property had an decrease within the County.
Q. Why is my property assessment different than my real estate appraisal?
A. Private appraisers evaluate your property based on the market conditions that existed at the time of the appraisal report. The County's property assessment calculation is based on the market conditions as of July 1, 2021, and reflects the physical condition of your property as of December 31, 2021.
Q. How can I judge whether the assessment is reasonable and fair?
A. Ask yourself if the assessment reflects a mid-range value as of July 1, 2021. Would you have considered selling your property on July 1, 2021 for the assessed value? If the answer is Yes or Maybe, then the assessment is probably reasonable. If the answer is definitely NO, then you should speak to Beaver County’s Assessment & Taxation Department to clarify how the assessment was prepared.
Click here for information regarding the exchange of information between a property owner and the assessor.
Q. Can I appeal my assessment?
A. Yes, if, after reviewing your assessment with Beaver County’s Assessment & Taxation Department, you still believe that your assessment or the assessment of another property is unfair or incorrect, you may file a written complaint to the Clerk of the Assessment Review Board within a specific timeframe called the Assessment Complaint Period. The deadline for assessment complaints is July 25, 2022. More information and Official Complaint Forms are available here.
Q. How are my property taxes calculated?
A. Property taxes are based on the following formula.
Assessed Property Value X Property Tax Mill Rate / 1000 = Taxes
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Q. Why do my taxes change from year to year?
A. Property taxes may change from year to year for the following reasons.
1. There has been a change in the annual budget requirements for municipal expenditures, or changes in the Education and/or Senior Housing Foundation requisitions.
2. The property assessment of your property (market value) has changed more or less than the average from last year’s assessment.
Q. Where do my tax dollars go?
A. The municipal portion of your tax bill is used to fund municipal services and operations such as roads, utilities, agricultural services, policing, emergency services, planning and economic development, parks, recreation and libraries. For more information, click here to access the Budget Highlights.
Q. When will I receive my tax notice?
A. Property tax and assessment notices will be mailed on May 18, 2022. If you have not received your notice by mid-July, please contact the County Office at 780-663-3730. Failure to receive a notice will not exempt you from penalty if taxes are not paid by the deadline.
Q. Is there a penalty for not paying my taxes on time?
A. Your property tax bill period is from January 1 to December 31, 2022. Property taxes are due upon receipt, but are penalty-free until October 31, 2022. Property taxes for the current calendar year that remain unpaid after November 1 are subject to the following penalties:
November 1, 2022 – 6% on unpaid current tax levy
January 17, 2023 – additional 3% on unpaid arrears
To assist with the financial impact of COVID-19, tax penalties have been reduced for the 2022 tax year ONLY.
- Internet or telephone banking (Payee is Beaver County Taxes and Account Number is your 9 digit roll number from your assessment notice)
- By mail (post-dated cheques are accepted)
- In person at the Beaver County Services Centre (due to COVID-19, taxpayers are encouraged to use off-site methods of payment)
- By monthly instalments. Beaver County offers a convenient Monthly Tax Installment Payment Plan that allows you to pay your property taxes in 12 monthly payments instead of one annual payment. Please call 780-663-3730 for more information.
- NEW !! - tax payments may be paid by credit card, e-transfer, PayPal, or at a Canada Post outlet through a payment processing agency (NOTE: a convenience fee will be charged by the payment processing agency)
Seniors Property Tax Deferral Program (provincially funded) will allow eligible senior homeowners to defer all or part of their property taxes through a low interest home equity loan with the Government of Alberta. Applications for the Seniors Property Tax Deferral program are available by calling the Alberta Supports Contact Centre toll-free at 1-877-644-9992 or by visiting www.seniors-housing.alberta.ca/seniors/property-tax-deferral.html.
Q. Where can I get more information?
A. Please contact Beaver County’s Assessment & Taxation Department at 780-663-3730. You are also welcome to visit our office at 5120 - 50 Street in Ryley between 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday to Friday.
If you would like more information about your education taxes, please contact the Government of Alberta at 780-422-7125.
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